Sejarah Indonesia


The Pancasila idea was first described by Sukarno in a speech in June 1945. It is summed up in five principles:

  • Kebangsaan (nationalism)
  • Kemanusiaan (humanism or internationalism)
  • Kerakyatan (representative government or democracy)
  • Keadilan Sosial (social justice)
  • Ketuhanan (monotheism)

...all based in gotong royong which is "community cooperation" or "working together".

In more recent years, Pancasila has been made part of the standard curriculum, and all organizations in Indonesia have been required to adopt Pancasila as their guiding ideology. This led to some quiet controversy in the 1980s, as some Muslims felt uncomfortable that they were possibly being asked to place Pancasila above their religion. Others felt that Pancasila was being redefined to mean loyalty to the person of then President Suharto.

Beginnings to 1500  1500 to 1670  1670 to 1800  1800 to 1830  1830 to 1910  1910 to 1940  1940 to 1945  1945 to 1950  1950 to 1965  1965 to 1998  1998 to 2001  2001 to Today

Sejarah Indonesia · · Indonesia Pages · Bookstore · Sejarah Indonesia Store